The Zayed University (ZU) in Abu Dhabi has constructed a hydroponic facility, a method that makes use of a nutrient-water solution rather than soil to grow different types of plants. The state-of-the-art facility intends to support sustainability and assist in student research.
The system converts a number of tasks that all support the growth of plants. These consist of seeds sowing; water adjustment through sensors and pumps; light intensity adjustment; and the distribution of nutrient medium.
The hydroponic system is a smart farming method that maintains the agriculture growth rate.
Dr Muhammad Naseem, Assistant Professor at the Zayed University College of Natural and Health Sciences, mentioned that this university facility would develop a link between spectroscopy, analytical chemistry and molecular biology labs, as devices, sensors and equipment of these didfferent labs can be used to screen plant performance under optimal and sub-optimal conditions of biotic and abiotic nature.
In 2050, the world’s population is assumed to reach nine billion. Dr Naseem stated that plant growth and development are highly hit by climate conditions. He added that agriculture production rate must notably increase to maintain people’s needs. He even pointed that rough weather, saline soil and severe heat waves are among the obstructions that affect crop productivity.
Cultivation lands are specially reduced due to the ongoing growth of urban landscapes. Also, the depletion of soil fertility resulting from imprudent land use and climate change must be considered.
He cited that there are many vegetables that can be grown with hydroponics at any time of the year. Dr Naseem added that not all crops respond properly to aquaculture, but several staple crops that one likely buys in the grocery store can be grown hydroponically