The United Arab Emirates University and the United Nations Development Programme have released the Human Development Report 2018 after a gap of 21 years. This report highlights the various ways in which the United Arab Emirates has transformed over the years.
It helps to improve the developmental policies of the nation as well as promote the UAE Human Development Value. The report also contributes to the achievement of the UAE Vision 2021 as well as the Abu Dhabi Vision 2030. The report focuses on essential sectors such as the economy, health, education and social policies.
As per the Human Development Report, the human development index value of the UAE rose from 0.726 in 1990 to 0.840 in 2015. That is an increase of 15.7%.
While the 7 emirates have all improved, the efforts undertaken by Abu Dhabi and Dubai to enhance the education as well as the healthcare sectors are impressive. Between 1990 and 2015, life expectancy at birth increased by 5.6 years while the average schooling years rose by 3.9 years. The expected years of schooling have also increased by 2.6 years.
In 1985, there were 383 schools with 176,662 students. In 2017, it rose to 659 schools with 280,841 students. Back in 1975, the literacy rate in the UAE was 54% but that increased gradually to 90% in 2005 and to 93% in 2015.