The latest archaeological exhumations on Marawah Island, which was conducted byS from the Department of Culture and Tourism, Abu Dhabi (DCT Abu Dhabi), have thrown some light on the Abu Dhabi’s earliest settlement.
The latest excavations disclosed more information about the oldest known human-settled village in Abu Dhabi. Recent digging, carried out over five weeks in February and March, have displayed new evidence featuring the progressive architectural and technical practices, which were used by early Abu Dhabi inhabitants during the early Neolithic periods.
The excavation site is situated on top of a rocky limestone plateau in the southwestern part of the island. The site was first found in 1992 during an archaeological survey of the island, made up of at least seven hills, which seem to be the remains of the downfall of the Neolithic rock structures.
The previous archaeological excavations stressed on one of the smallest hills on the site and proceeded in the discovery of a three-room stone building, defined by its good condition and quality of construction, as well as a number of other important objects, which contains an imported ceramic jar that can be seen at the Louvre Abu Dhabi, arrowheads and buttons from pearl oysters are presently displayed at Al Hosn Palace.
The excavation has widened since 2017, with a focus on the largest on-site hill, which revealed a lot of stone buildings. The digging season, which was finally finished, showed the significance of this hill. A rare collection of artifacts around the stone building, such as a number of stone arrowheads and pieces of ornate ornamented pottery vessels, was discovered. The vessel pieces are portrayed by thick, beautiful paint, and it’s the oldest known decorative art in the UAE.
The carbon-dating tests for coal samples from various layers of soil revealed that the site was settled from very early periods, between 8000 and 6,500 years ago.
The continuing digging on the island of Marwah aided in the discovery of archaeological facts that tells us a lot about the history of Abu Dhabi and the region, and also about the lifestyle of our early ancestors. Mohammed Khalifa Al Mubarak, Head of Department of Culture and Tourism, Abu Dhabi stated that the Department would carry on its attempt to safeguard and bolster archaeological sites that demonstrate the authenticity of our cultural heritage, help residents to understand their past, and give them an opportunity to present a clearer and more accurate picture of Abu Dhabi’s ancient civilization for present and future generations.
Hence, the Marwah Island provides more new proof about the richness of UAE’s past, which is rooted deep in history.